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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
 
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List of All Articles
1.  REVIEW ARTICLE
A Practical Approach for Learning Rhinoplasty Surgery
Lee J Kaplowitz, Eric M Joseph
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:56] [Pages No:33-46] [No of Hits : 1833]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1262 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Rhinoplasty surgery is a procedure well suited for otolaryngology residents to incorporate in their training and subsequent practices of medicine. We detail a practical approach for learning rhinoplasty which may commence during residency. The resident learns to conduct a proper consultation, preoperative evaluation, surgical procedure, and follow-up care for the prospective rhinoplasty patient. The history of rhinoplasty, and modern rhinoplasty techniques is discussed, and suggestions are made for residents to successfully incorporate learning rhinoplasty surgery during their otolaryngology training.

Keywords: Otolaryngology, Residency, Rhinoplasty.

How to cite this article: Kaplowitz LJ, Joseph EM. A Practical Approach for Learning Rhinoplasty Surgery. Int J Head Neck Surg 2016;7(1):33-46.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  Research Article
Alteration in Activation Pattern of Neck Muscles in Patients with Chronic Neck Pain
Rajwant Kaur Chahal, Pravin Kumar
[Year:2015] [Month:January-March] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:44] [Pages No:1-7] [No of Hits : 958]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1207 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate activation pattern of neck muscles in patients with chronic neck pain of nontraumatic origin during static tasks.

Materials and methods: Fifteen normal subjects were taken in group A and 15 patients with chronic neck pain of nontraumatic origin were taken in group B. Electromyography (EMG) activity was recorded from the sternocleidomastoid, anterior scalene, levator scapulae and upper trapezius muscles. Percentage maximum voluntary isometric contraction were calculated during static tasks, which included shoulder abduction to 90° and hold, shrug and hold, craniocervical flexion and hold.

Results: There was no significant (p > 0.05) difference found in activation pattern of neck muscles when we compared right and left sides within groups A and B. But when we compared between groups, group B showed a significant (p < 0.05) increased activation pattern in anterior scalene, sternocleidomastoid, upper trapezius compared to normal subject’s neck muscles except levator scapulae which shows no significant difference between groups.

Conclusion: It is concluded from the study that, in patient of nontraumatic origin of chronic neck pain, all the patients showed a significant increased level of EMG activity in neck muscles during performance of static activities as compared to asymptomatic controls.

Keywords: EMG, Cervical muscles, Cervical radiculopathy, Movement dysfunction.

How to cite this article: Chahal RK, Kumar P. Alteration in Activation Pattern of Neck Muscles in Patients with Chronic Neck Pain. Int J Head Neck Surg 2015;6(1):1-7.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  Case Report
Unusual Presentation of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma
Marina Saldanha, K Biniyam, Harish S Permi, Vadisha Srinivas Bhat
[Year:2015] [Month:January-March] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:44] [Pages No:32-34] [No of Hits : 899]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1216 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) has the highest incidence of cervical lymph node metastasis among thyroid malignancies. Lateral neck swelling as the only manifestation of PTC in the absence of palpable thyroid lesion is not common. Here, we report a case of an adult female who presented with right cervical mass and excision biopsy revealed metastatic papillary carcinoma of thyroid. Total thyroidectomy with central compartment neck dissection was performed, and histopathology showed multifocal PTC.

Keywords: Papillary carcinoma, Thyroid, Cervical lymph node, Metastasis.

How to cite this article: Saldanha M, Biniyam K, Permi HS, Bhat VS. Unusual Presentation of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma. Int J Head Neck Surg 2015;6(1):32-34.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  Case Report
Oral Commissure Defect Reconstruction with Modified Biflanged Submental Artery Island Flap
Anju Mathai, Satheesan Balasubramanian, Sajith Babu
[Year:2015] [Month:January-March] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:44] [Pages No:38-40] [No of Hits : 890]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1218 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Reconstruction of defects in the commissure region with buccal and lip defects is difficult to reconstruct with regional flap. A case report of a case reconstructed with a new design of the submental flap is described with its advantages.

Keywords: Oral cancer, Commissure, Submental flap.

How to cite this article: Mathai A, Balasubramanian S, Babu S. Oral Commissure Defect Reconstruction with Modified Biflanged Submental Artery Island Flap. Int J Head Neck Surg 2015;6(1):38-40.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  Case Report
Lingual Hematoma: A Rare Cause of Upper Airway Obstruction
Eurico Costa, Hugo Estibeiro, Miguel Magalhaes
[Year:2015] [Month:January-March] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:44] [Pages No:41-44] [No of Hits : 812]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1219 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The authors present a case report of a patient with a lingual hematoma treated in the otolaryngology department of portuguese institute of oncology, lisbon, followed by a brief literature review.

Case report: A case of a 43 years old female with a diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia since 2007, submitted to allograft bone marrow transplantation in 2008 at the Portuguese Oncology Institute, Lisbon. With diagnosis of recurrence since May 2011, she was hospitalized in October 2011, due to a lower gastrointestinal bleeding in the context of a cytomegalovirus colitis associated with pancytopenia. During hospitalization, the patient experienced a tonic-clonic seizure. Less than 12 hours after this episode, the patient developed a massive lingual hematoma. Despite exuberant macroglossia and tongue proptosis, the patient showed no signs of active bleeding or severe dyspnea and was submitted to conservative medical treatment.

Discussion: Lingual hematoma has many causes, being trauma and hemorrhagic dyscrasias among the most frequent. The first therapeutic objective should be evaluated and guaranted upper airway patency. Once the airway is secured, hemorrhage and hematoma should be treated according to its etiology. This can be achieved with conservative medical therapy, intervention radiology or surgery.

Conclusion: Lingual hematoma is as rare as potentially fatal. Prompt recognition and management is critical for a favorable outcome.

Keywords: Lingual hematoma, Upper airway obstruction, Causes, Clinical management.

How to cite this article: Costa E, Estibeiro H, Magalhães M. Lingual Hematoma: A Rare Cause of Upper Airway Obstruction. Int J Head Neck Surg 2015;6(1):41-44.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  Case Report
Castleman's Disease: An Orphan Lymphoproliferative Disorder
Pratik Dipak Shah, Yogendra Chauhan, Srijon Mukherji
[Year:2015] [Month:January-March] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:44] [Pages No:20-22] [No of Hits : 772]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1212 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Castleman’s disease (CD) is a rare, benign disease of unknown cause that induces reactive lymph node hyperplasia. The disease was first defined by Dr Benjamin Castleman. It is an unusual cause of a neck mass. The goal of this paper is to report a rare case of Castleman’s disease at unusual site (level IB) and discuss its management.

Keywords: Castleman’s disease, Benign, Lymph node, Hyperplasia.

How to cite this article: Shah PD, Chauhan Y, Mukherji s. Castleman’s Disease: An Orphan Lymphoproliferative Disorder. Int J Head Neck Surg 2015;6(1):20-22.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  Case Report
Synovial Sarcoma Parotid Gland: Diagnostic Dilemma
Arun Prabhu Ganeshan, Bennet Rajmohan, G Amarnath, Vikas Jain
[Year:2015] [Month:January-March] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:44] [Pages No:29-31] [No of Hits : 749]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1215 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Synovial sarcoma is a deep soft-tissue mesenchymal tumor, primarily arising in extremities. Rarely, does it present as a head and neck tumor, out of them very few reported cases are from parotid gland origin.
We report a case of synovial sarcoma of parotid gland in 20-year-old female progressing in short duration. A review of literature is undertaken considering most of discretely reported cases in English literature and elaborates the pathological features that help to reach in diagnosis.
Review of literature suggests that synovial sarcoma of rare origins like parotid produces a diagnostic dilemma. Histological diagnosis is generally a late postoperative finding. Due to the rarity of this entity, few cases have been described in the literature and treatment is still not well codified. Clinical suspicion with molecular studies help to reach the accurate diagnosis which is mandatory for proper management as the treatment strategy is different from routine parotid tumors.

Keywords: Synovial sarcoma, Carcinoma, Parotid gland, Head and neck tumors, Orofacial, Spindle cell tumor.

How to cite this article: Ganeshan AP, Rajmohan B, Amarnath G, Jain V. Synovial Sarcoma Parotid Gland: Diagnostic Dilemma. Int J Head Neck Surg 2015;6(1):29-31.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  Review Article
Sinonasal Verrucous Carcinoma
Sajad M Qazi, Irfan Iqbal, Aneesa Mirza, Ihshan Ali, Sheetal Kumari
[Year:2015] [Month:January-March] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:44] [Pages No:8-9] [No of Hits : 731]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1208 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Verrucous carcinoma is a low grade malignancy and is a variant of squamous cell carcinoma. It is a rare tumor of the sinonasal tract. The neoplasm occurs in older people usually in the seventh or eighth decade of life. Our cases were both of sinonasal origin and of younger age group.

Keywords: Chemoradiotherapy, Sinonasal, Postoperative.

How to cite this article: Qazi SM, Iqbal I, Mirza A, Ali I, Kumari S. Sinonasal Verrucous Carcinoma. Int J Head Neck Surg 2015;6(1):8-9.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  Editorial
Thyroid Gland
Chris de Souza
[Year:2015] [Month:January-March] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:44] [Pages No:v] [No of Hits : 715]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | FREE

ABSTRACT

Thyroid Gland

The thyroid is responsible for 13 important functions of the body. The treatment for its disorders involves medical as well as surgical disciplines. One very provocative article in a major endocrine textbook even postulates that the ability to trap iodine and iodinize the thyroid gland may have been responsible for man’s evolutionary trajectory causing him to split away from the hominids before him. There are quite a lot of books that chronicle the history of thyroid surgery excellently. And, if you read through them, you will be horrified. Early surgical attempts were crude and accompanied by a horrifically high mortality. This was due to lack of hemostasis, crude attempts at anesthesia and accompanying infections.

 
10.  Case Report
Pitfall of Positron Emission Tomography-Computed Tomography in assessing Metastasis in a Recurrent Head and Neck Cancer
Poonam Joshi, Pankaj Chaturvedi, Jai Prakash Agarwal, Shubhada Kane
[Year:2015] [Month:January-March] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:44] [Pages No:14-16] [No of Hits : 702]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1210 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Advanced and recurrent head and neck cancers often present with distant metastasis. The most common sites include lung, liver and bones. The propensity for metastasis depends upon the site of the primary disease as well. Cancers of hypopharynx and nasopharynx both have high propensity for distant metastasis. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography is done in many of these situations to assess distant metastasis, especially in locally advanced and recurrent cases.
The positive predictive value of PET-CT in predicting distant metastasis in recurrent head and neck cancers is 60%. This low positive predictive value is attributed to inflammation, infections, and post RT changes. The present case report highlights that PET positive lesions should be interpreted with caution as they can be false positive and can be mistaken for metastasis and, hence, a potentially curative patient can be treated as one with palliative intent.

Keywords: Pet-Ct, Distant metastasis, False positive, Head and neck cancer.

How to cite this article: Joshi P, Chaturvedi P, Agarwal JP, Kane S. Pitfall of Positron Emission Tomography-Computed Tomography in assessing Metastasis in a Recurrent Head and Neck Cancer. Int J Head Neck Surg 2015;6(1):14-16.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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