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VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2019 ) > List of Articles
Sheilja Singh, Sanket Jain
Keywords : Sleep architecture, Sleep deprivation, Sleep hygiene
Citation Information : Singh S, Jain S. Sleep and Health—An Introduction. Int J Head Neck Surg 2019; 10 (1):1-3.
License: CC BY-NC 4.0
Published Online: 01-06-2019
Copyright Statement: Copyright © 2019; The Author(s).
Sleep is essential for the normal functioning of a human being. It is a restorative phenomenon. Hypothalamus and ventral periaqueductal gray along with circadian and homeostatic signals regulate the sleep cycle. Sleep architecture is divided into non-rapid eye movement (NREM) and rapid eye movement (REM) phases. Not only theoretically but even in clinical practice, it is evident that sleep deprivation has mild-to-severe effects on every system. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common sleep disorder seen by chest physicians, ear–nose–throat (ENT) surgeons, cardiologists, and general physicians. OSA is gaining insight of surgeons and physicians for preoperative clinical evaluation, and it is mandatory in suspected individuals. Sleep hygiene is helpful in OSA and other sleep-disordered breathing.