International Journal of Head and Neck Surgery

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VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2021 ) > List of Articles

OTOLOGY

Return of Sounds at almost 100 Years of Age: Which will be the Limit?

Marcos V Goycoolea, Byanka Cagnacci, Jorge Rufs, Raquel Levy, Catherine Catenacci, Maricarmen Andrade, Jacqueline Scherpenisse

Keywords : Aging and hearing loss, Anesthesia for the elderly, Cochlear implants in the elderly, Oldest person with cochlear implant

Citation Information : Goycoolea MV, Cagnacci B, Rufs J, Levy R, Catenacci C, Andrade M, Scherpenisse J. Return of Sounds at almost 100 Years of Age: Which will be the Limit?. Int J Head Neck Surg 2021; 12 (2):79-82.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1408

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-06-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction: Cochlear implant (IC) is the standard treatment for profound deafness in children and adults. In the elderly, this indication is becoming more common every day. Aims and objectives: To describe the medical and the surgical approaches to be considered while operating a cochlear implant in an elderly patient. Materials and methods (clinical case): An approach to cochlear implants in the elderly is described, using as a common thread, the case of a 98-year and 9-month-old woman with severe bilateral gradually progressive sensorineural hearing loss who did not benefit from her hearing aids. She underwent comprehensive multispecialty medical evaluation including otolaryngology neurology, cardiology, and anesthesiology. She underwent cochlear implantation under local anesthesia and sedation. Results: No intra- or postoperative complications occurred. Recovery was quick and she was discharged on the second postoperative day. The device was activated at 1 month post-surgery and all electrodes were active. Free field thresholds for pure tones were 25 dB HL PTA 4 and discrimination in silence with IC in left ear and hearing aid in right ear for sentences were 76% and for familiar words 100%. Conclusion: Cochlear implantation resulted in an adequate alternative for this elderly patient, possibly the oldest or one of the oldest implanted individuals in the world. Cochlear implantation should be considered a reasonable alternative for elderly patients with profound hearing loss. The surgical decision should focus more on the general health conditions than on the chronological age.


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