International Journal of Head and Neck Surgery

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VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2021 ) > List of Articles

Invited Review Articles

Principles of Phonosurgery

Matthew R Hoffman, C Blake Simpson

Keywords : Anesthesia, Laryngology, Phonosurgery

Citation Information : Hoffman MR, Simpson CB. Principles of Phonosurgery. Int J Head Neck Surg 2021; 12 (4):144-152.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1513

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 21-05-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; The Author(s).


Phonosurgery describes a group of operations performed to improve voice quality. Critical to successful phonosurgery is a sound understanding of vocal fold anatomy and physiology combined with delicate tissue handling and removal of pathology with maximal preservation of adjacent structures. This article describes the general principles of phonosurgery, including indications and preoperative considerations, standard equipment, anesthesia, patient positioning and laryngeal exposure, basic surgical principles, approaches to common pathology, and postoperative management.

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