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VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2021 ) > List of Articles

Invited Review Articles

Vocal Cord Paralysis: Pathophysiology, Etiologies, and Evaluation

Mostafa Alwan, Paul M Paddle

Keywords : Dysphonia, Laryngology, Otolaryngology, Vocal folds, Vocal fold Paralysis

Citation Information : Alwan M, Paddle PM. Vocal Cord Paralysis: Pathophysiology, Etiologies, and Evaluation. Int J Head Neck Surg 2021; 12 (4):153-160.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1515

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 21-05-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; The Author(s).


Vocal fold paralysis often leads to significant morbidity including dysphonia, dysphagia and aspiration. An appropriate understanding of the pathophysiology, etiologies, and a systematic method of evaluation are essential for discussing prognosis and offering patients appropriate treatments. This article presents a discussion of the most recent literature surrounding vocal cord paralysis, specifically the pathophysiology and different etiologies, and proposes an evaluation strategy involving history, examination and targeted investigations.

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