International Journal of Head and Neck Surgery

Register      Login

VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2022 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Role of Maxillofacial Prosthodontist as a Member of Interdisciplinary Oncology Team in Oral and Maxillofacial Rehabilitation: A Brief Review

Manu Rathee, Maqbul Alam, Sanju Malik

Keywords : Head and neck cancer, Maxillofacial prosthetics, Surgical oncology

Citation Information : Rathee M, Alam M, Malik S. Role of Maxillofacial Prosthodontist as a Member of Interdisciplinary Oncology Team in Oral and Maxillofacial Rehabilitation: A Brief Review. Int J Head Neck Surg 2022; 13 (2):69-72.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1530

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 15-09-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

With advancements in the treatment protocol of oral cancer, the survival rate of these patients has dramatically increased. Rehabilitation for people with oral cancer extends beyond orofacial prosthesis reconstruction to include offering comprehensive care by combining specialties. In the diagnosis and treatment of patients, maxillofacial prosthodontists (MFPs) should be a part of the team of consultants. The MFP is an important member of the multidisciplinary team that coordinates the treatment. The prosthodontist must monitor the patient closely. Be conversant with the various hospital protocols and the patient's medical health. He is best qualified to assist the surgeon with prosthetics by making facial moulages and surgical stents to aid recuperation. To improve the prosthesis’ retention, stability, and support, recommendations might be made to preserve tissues or reinforce existing anatomical features. Collaboration with a speech pathologist to learn about the mechanics and physiology of speech can help in the construction of a prosthesis that meets resonance, phonation, and articulation needs.


PDF Share
  1. Jimson S. Residual deformities of the maxillofacial region. In: Bonanthaya K, Panneerselvam E, Manuel S, Kumar VV, Rai A (editors). Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery for the Clinician. Singapore: Springer.
  2. Khan Z, Farman AG. The prosthodontist role in head and neck cancer and introduction—oncologic dentistry. J Indian Prosthodont Soc 2006;6(1):4–9. DOI: 10.4103/0972-4052.25874
  3. Sabol JV, Grant GT, Liacouras P, et al. Digital image capture and rapid prototyping of the maxillofacial defect. J Prosthodont 2011;20(4):310–314. DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-849X.2011.00701.x
  4. Vissink A, Burlage FR, Spijkervet FK, et al. Prevention and treatment of the consequences of head and neck radiotherapy. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med 2003;14(3):213–225. DOI: 10.1177/154411130301400306
  5. Bruins HH, Koole R, Jolly DE. Pretherapy dental decisions in patients with head and neck cancer. A proposed model for dental decision support. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 1998;86(3):256–267. DOI: 10.1016/s1079-2104(98)90169-x
  6. Leong EW, Cheng AC, Tee-Khin N, et al. Management of acquired mandibular defects—prosthodontic considerations. Singapore Dent J 2005;28(1):22–33.
  7. Teoh KH, Patel S, Hwang F, et al. Prosthetic intervention in the era of microvascular reconstruction of the mandible—a retrospective analysis of functional outcome. Int J Prosthodont 2005;18(1):42–54.
  8. El Fattah H, Zaghloul A, Pedemonte E, et al. Pre-prosthetic surgical alterations in maxillectomy to enhance the prosthetic prognoses as part of rehabilitation of oral cancer patient. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2012;17(2):e262–e270. DOI: 10.4317/medoral.17482
  9. Beumer J 3rd, Marunick MT, Silverman SJ, et al. Rehabilitation of tongue and mandibular defects. In: Beumer J 3rd, Marunick MT, Esposito SJ (editors). Maxillofacial Rehabilitation, Prosthodontic and Surgical Management of Cancer-Related, Acquired, and Congenital Defects of the Head and Neck. Hanover Park, IL: Quintessence Publishing Co.; 2012. p. 92–95.
  10. Jacob RF. Prosthodontic rehabilitation of the mandibulectomy patient. In: Taylor TD (editor). Clinical Maxillofacial Prosthetics. Chicago, IL: Quintessence; 2000. p. 171–188.
  11. Beumer J 3rd, Marunick MT, Curtis TA, et al. Acquired defects of the mandible: etiology, treatment, and rehabilitation. In: Marunick MT, Beumer J 3rd, Curtis TA (editors). Maxillofacial Rehabilitation: Prosthodontic and Surgical Considerations. St Louis, MO: IshiyakuEuroAmerica; 1996. p. 113–224.
  12. Sykes LM, Essop AR, Veres EM. Use of custom-made conformers in the treatment of ocular defects. J Prosthet Dent 1999;82(3):362–365. DOI: 10.1016/s0022-3913(99)70095-8
  13. Chin K, Margolin CB, Finger PT. Early ocular prosthesis insertion improves quality of life after enucleation. Optometry 2006;77(2):71–75. DOI: 10.1016/j.optm.2005.12.012
  14. Guttal SS, Vohra P, Pillai LK, et al. Interim prosthetic rehabilitation of a patient following partial rhinectomy: a clinical report. Eur J Dent 2010;4(4):482–486.
  15. Crawford A, Bardsley K. Regeneration concerns in craniofacial cartilage and bone defects. Biomater Oral Dent Tissue Eng 2017;429–443. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-08-100961-1.00025-6
  16. Pavlatos J, Gilliam KK. Oral care protocol for patients’ undergoing cancer therapy. Gen Dent 2008;56(5):464–478. DOI: 10.1016/s1079-2104(98)90169-x
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.