International Journal of Head and Neck Surgery

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VOLUME 3 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2012 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Management of Adult Unilateral TMJ Ankylosis with Temporalis Muscle and Fascia Flap: Review of 51 Cases

Sobhan Mishra, Ramanupam Tripathy, Samrat Sabhlok, Ritesh Roy

Citation Information : Mishra S, Tripathy R, Sabhlok S, Roy R. Management of Adult Unilateral TMJ Ankylosis with Temporalis Muscle and Fascia Flap: Review of 51 Cases. Int J Head Neck Surg 2012; 3 (3):133-136.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1113

Published Online: 00-12-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2012; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Purpose

This study is aimed to determine the efficacy of temporalis muscle and fascia flap in the treatment of unilateral temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis in adults. Treatment of TMJ ankylosis has been a topic of debate and the treatment options are multidimensional. Achieving good postoperative mouth opening and functional and cosmetic outcomes of surgery, depends on the method of reconstruction. The need of study is to give the best possible solutions with minimal morbidity to the underlying deformity.

Materials and methods

A retrospective study was done on 51 patients to evaluate the postoperative results for unilateral TMJ ankylosis. Parameters such as etiology, postoperative mouth opening on 1st, 2nd, 6th week and 6 months and intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded. The operative protocol for unilateral TMJ ankylosis entailed: (1) Resection of the ankylotic mass, (2) intraoral ipsilateral coronoidectomy, (3) contralateral coronoidectomy when necessary, (4) interpositional tissue transfer to the TMJ with temporalis muscle and fascia flap, (5) maxillomandibular fixation (MMF) and (6) early mobilization and aggressive physiotherapy.

Results

The results were encouraging and functional results of interpositional arthroplasty were satisfying with minimal complications. Early postoperative initial aggressive exercise, physiotherapy, and strict follow-up play an important role in preventing postoperative adhesions.

Conclusion

The findings of this study support the use of temporalis muscle and fascia flap in adult patients with unilateral TMJ ankylosis.

How to cite this article

Mishra S, Tripathy R, Sabhlok S, Roy R. Management of Adult Unilateral TMJ Ankylosis with Temporalis Muscle and Fascia Flap: Review of 51 Cases. Int J Head and Neck Surg 2012;3(3):133-136.


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