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VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2017 ) > List of Articles


A Study of Clinical Profile of Intracerebral Hemorrhage and ENT Manifestations and its Surgical Outcome

Vishwanath Sidram, PC Chandra Kumar, Bellara Raghavendra

Citation Information : Sidram V, Kumar PC, Raghavendra B. A Study of Clinical Profile of Intracerebral Hemorrhage and ENT Manifestations and its Surgical Outcome. Int J Head Neck Surg 2017; 8 (1):5-10.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1297

Published Online: 01-08-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; The Author(s).



The aim of this study is to study the clinical profile and outcome of primary and secondary intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and to study the different parameters that affect the outcome.

Materials and methods

A total of 40 patients who were diagnosed to have ICH, both primary and secondary, by computed tomography scan were included in the study. Among the selected patients, the clinical profile, radiological profile, and the modality of treatment undertaken and the outcome were noted. Outcome variables included survived [improvement in the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)], death, and vegetative state. The outcome variable was compared with respect to age, sex, GCS, etiology, location of the hematoma, and the modality of treatment to find out any statistically significant difference in the rate of outcomes.


The mean age of the patients was 36.78 ± 18.5 years; mean GCS at the time of presentation was 9.05 ± 1.82. Common causes of ICH were trauma (57.5%) and hypertension (25%). Significant association was found between outcome and age group, GCS, etiology of ICH, and location of the bleed. Poor outcome was associated with GCS ≤ 8 (40%), >50 years of age (45.5%), hypertension (50%), and basal ganglia bleed (50%). Best outcome was seen in patients with GCS ≥9, a lobar bleed, and trauma as the cause of ICH where the patient survival was 90%.


In case of ICH depending upon the clinical and radiological profile, the treatment should be individualized. The rates of survival and favorable outcome are better in patients with GCS ≥ 9, a lobar bleed, and trauma as the cause of ICH.

How to cite this article

Sidram V, Kumar PCC, Raghavendra B. A Study of Clinical Profile of Intracerebral Hemorrhage and ENT Manifestations and its Surgical Outcome. Int J Head Neck Surg 2017;8(1):5-10.

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