Sleep is the essence of productive and a healthy life. This chapter provides a comprehensive outlook for patient assessment including sleep history taking, detailed examination through general assessment as well as sleep diary. Special focus has been laid upon common and useful questionnaires which are not only inexpensive but also validated to be used in sleep apnea patients. Sleep history needs to be corroborated from the bed partner along with detailed examination from the patient. It is important to conduct the physical examination which constitutes various parameters like BMI, neck circumference, upper airway examination, etc. Efficient sleep history serves as a good predictor of sleep apnea and should not be missed before a patient undergoes polysomnography test. Usage of sleep diary has been largely underplayed in general practice, but if administered correctly it provides key information about patient's sleep hygiene and practices.
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Timothy Morgenthaler, Cathy Alessi, et al. Practice Parameters for the Use of Actigraphy in the Assessment of Sleep and Sleep Disorders: An Update for 2007 Standards of Practice Committee. American Academy of Sleep Medicine.