Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is known to be associated with metabolic syndrome, diabetes, hypertension which predispose to cardiovascular disease. Hypoxia due to OSA can predispose an individual to development of endothelial dysfunction. Additionally, imbalance between sympathetic–parasympathetic activity can initiate arrhythmias and result in sudden cardiac death. If OSA is diagnosed early and appropriately treated, we can prevent morbidity and mortality in patients with cardiac disease who also have OSA.
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