International Journal of Head and Neck Surgery

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2019 | January-March | Volume 10 | Issue 1

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Dr Christopher Desouza, Dr Rahul Modi


[Year:2019] [Month:January-March] [Volume:10] [Number:1] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

   DOI: 10.5005/ijhns-10-1-iv  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 



Dr Pralhad Prabhudesai, Dr Abha Pandey, Dr Rahul R Modi, Dr Carlos A. Torre


[Year:2019] [Month:January-March] [Volume:10] [Number:1] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

   DOI: 10.5005/ijhns-10-1-v  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Special Issue 1: Invited Article

Sheilja Singh, Sanket Jain

Sleep and Health—An Introduction

[Year:2019] [Month:January-March] [Volume:10] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:1 - 3]

Keywords: Sleep architecture, Sleep deprivation, Sleep hygiene

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1361  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Sleep is essential for the normal functioning of a human being. It is a restorative phenomenon. Hypothalamus and ventral periaqueductal gray along with circadian and homeostatic signals regulate the sleep cycle. Sleep architecture is divided into non-rapid eye movement (NREM) and rapid eye movement (REM) phases. Not only theoretically but even in clinical practice, it is evident that sleep deprivation has mild-to-severe effects on every system. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common sleep disorder seen by chest physicians, ear–nose–throat (ENT) surgeons, cardiologists, and general physicians. OSA is gaining insight of surgeons and physicians for preoperative clinical evaluation, and it is mandatory in suspected individuals. Sleep hygiene is helpful in OSA and other sleep-disordered breathing.


Special Issue 1: Invited Article

Preeti Devnani

Sleep Disorders

[Year:2019] [Month:January-March] [Volume:10] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:4 - 8]

Keywords: Hypersomnia, Insomnia, REM behavior

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1362  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Sleep disorders are an increasingly important and relevant burden faced by society, impacting at the individual, community and global level. Varied presentations and lack of awareness can make accurate and timely diagnosis a challenge. Early recognition and appropriate intervention are a priority. The key characteristics, clinical presentations and management strategies of common sleep disorders such as circadian rhythm disorders, restless legs syndrome, REM behavior disorder, hypersomnia and insomnia are outlined in this review.


Special Issue 1: Invited Article

Himanshu Garg

Sleep History Taking and Examination

[Year:2019] [Month:January-March] [Volume:10] [Number:1] [Pages:9] [Pages No:9 - 17]

Keywords: Sleep apnea, Sleep diary, Sleep history taking, Sleep questionnaires

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1363  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Sleep is the essence of productive and a healthy life. This chapter provides a comprehensive outlook for patient assessment including sleep history taking, detailed examination through general assessment as well as sleep diary. Special focus has been laid upon common and useful questionnaires which are not only inexpensive but also validated to be used in sleep apnea patients. Sleep history needs to be corroborated from the bed partner along with detailed examination from the patient. It is important to conduct the physical examination which constitutes various parameters like BMI, neck circumference, upper airway examination, etc. Efficient sleep history serves as a good predictor of sleep apnea and should not be missed before a patient undergoes polysomnography test. Usage of sleep diary has been largely underplayed in general practice, but if administered correctly it provides key information about patient's sleep hygiene and practices.


Special Issue 1: Invited Article

Bhupendra Vala, Miti Shah

Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome

[Year:2019] [Month:January-March] [Volume:10] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:18 - 21]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1364  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Special Issue 1: Invited Article

Pralhad Prabhudesai

Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults

[Year:2019] [Month:January-March] [Volume:10] [Number:1] [Pages:9] [Pages No:22 - 30]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1365  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


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