Oral squamous cell carcinoma, the fifth most common cancer worldwide, is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in India. It most commonly occurs in middle-aged and older individuals. Typically, they tend to be preceded by a premalignant state for a long time. The present study evaluates the clinicopathological profile of patients with oral lesions and the role of malpractices that promote carcinogenesis in the oral mucosa and the use of Ki-67 as an important predictor of the same.
Materials and methods
The expression of Ki-67 was studied in paraffin-embedded tissue sections of oral lesions of all the cases after taking a detailed history and examination.
The study was conducted on 65 patients with 25 dysplastic and 40 malignant lesions. Males were affected more frequently than females. The most common age group affected was 31 to 60 years with mean age of 45.4 years. Anterior twothird of tongue (41%) was the most commonly affected site. 95% of the patients had a history of addiction in form of smoking, tobacco chewing and betel nut. Out of 25 cases of dysplasia, 11 showed low expression while out of 40 cases of squamous cell carcinoma only three showed low and 29 showed high expression of Ki-67.
The expression of Ki-67 correlates well with the disease progression from dysplasia to carcinoma of the oral cavity. It is therefore a marker of malignant transformation and carcinogenesis in oral premalignant lesions and in future it may serve as a prognostic tool in the early detection of malignancy.
How to cite this article
Maheshwari V, Sharma SC, Narula V, Verma S, Jain A, Alam K. Prognostic and Predictive Impact of Ki-67 in Premalignant and Malignant Squamous Cell Lesions of Oral Cavity. Int J Head Neck Surg 2013;4(2):61-65.