To propose an operation similar to selective neck dissection (levels II, III and IV) as a method of successful management of second arch branchial anomalies.
Materials and methods
We did a prospective study on patients with branchial arch anomalies from the years 2009 to 2013. They underwent minimal radiological workup. All of them underwent a novel surgical procedure similar to selective neck dissection (levels II, III, IV) that lead to excision of the tract. Patients were followed up for an average period of 2 years.
We had seven patients which included two branchial sinus, three cysts and two fistulae. All of them were operated and the tract was identified and completely excised by the above approach. None of them had any complications or recurrence on follow-up.
Branchial arch anomalies are rare congenital problems posing a significant challenge to an ENT surgeon. Inadequate and inappropriate surgeries resulting in recurrences are quite common. Attempts to get either a sinogram or fistulogram are often a failure and cumbersome.
Selective neck dissection from levels II to IV is a surgical maneuver which allows access to the involved anatomical segment of the neck. Thus, it is a structured and methodical approach that comprehensively leads to excision of the complete tract. It also reduces the chances of complications. Recurrences are rare with this technique.
How to cite this article
Merchant S, Mohiyuddin A, Deo RP, Raj S, Nawaz S, Mohammadi K. Selective Neck Dissection: A Novel Technique for Second Branchial Arch Anomalies. Int J Head Neck Surg 2014;5(2):57-60.